When I heard of her quote across the pond, I wanted to know a lot more about this remarkable woman. She’s the type of female who wasn’t in the limelight but was aiding others larger than life. She still amazes me since being an advocate for Equal Opportunities in employment.
Dorothy was an American citizen who studied at New York University in Educational Psychology with a masters degree. Going further, she participated and became President of the National Council of Negro Woman (NCNW). She was even the voice of concern for all women! After all, she was part of the US Department of Defence Advisory Committee on Women in 1952-55. And goodness me, this woman was involved in the President’s Committee for Equal Employment Opportunity. Of course, not forgetting her time in the Civil Rights Movement of the Big Six (Martin Luther King Jr, James Farmer, John Lewis, A Phillip Randolph, Roy Wilkins and Whitney Young).
Even after the 60s into the 70s, she was part of Operation Women Power which allowed ladies to start up their own businesses and provided vocational training.
I want us to acknowledge her great achievements as well as her awards: Congressional Gold Medal; Presidential Medal of Freedom and much much more.
I also encourage a further reading:
Open Wide The Freedom Gates: A Memoir
A Little History on Equality
As I think freely; it’s very important to understand the essence of Equal Opportunity. It has been under development over two centuries and cost someone’s head on the Guillotine! It’s a time when aristocracy became obsolete; of course, the French Revolution.
It was the Age of Enlightenment. We are led to believe that Maxillien Robespierre and fellow Freethinkers, in their minutes together, coined a classical phase for the French Republic: Liberty, Equality and Fraternity. It was also explained in the Declaration of the Rights of Man and of the Citizen in 1789 as follows:
“Must be the same for all, whether it protects or punishes. All citizens, being equal in its eyes, shall be equally eligible to all high offices, public positions and employments, according to their ability, and without other distinction than that of their virtues and talents.”
There was a time in France when the government decided to remove the thought-provoking motion in favour of: Work, Family and Fatherhood, and it was the Vichy that became the force in 1940-45. After that, the motion on Equality was reintroduced into the fourth and fifth Republics.
After the American Revolution, Americans were given the Statue of Liberty by the French in 1886. New York accepted the gift as it was the place where the Stamp Act Congress was held. Symbolic too since it regards enlightenment ie) the woman holding a torch.
On 24th June 1941, President Franklin D Roosevelt signed the Executive Order 8802 which prevented the defence industry and government to discriminate on race, creed, colour, and national origin.
Then in 26th July 1948, President Harry S Truman signed the Executive Order 9981 which abolished racial discrimination in the US Armed Forces. Therefore, allowing equality and opportunity for all races, religions, or national origins.
6th March 1961, President Kennedy signed Executive Order 10925 which established the President’s Committee on Equal Employment Opportunity.
And finally, President Lyndon B Johnson signed the Executive Order 11246 on 24th Sept 1965 which included discrimination on sex.